Abstract Introduction: Augmented reality (AR) aims at improving the vision of the anatomy in laparoscopy. AR works with regular, robot-assisted, and 3D laparoscopies. It modifies the intraoperative vision to provide the surgeon with effects such as a virtual transparency of the organ, to reveal the organ's inner structures, namely tumors and the major vessels.1–5 AR is a technical...

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Journal of Endourology

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